Every 10 minutes another patient is added to the organ donor waiting list. And while an average of 79 people receive an organ transplant daily, in the same time period 22 people die while waiting for transplants due to a shortage of available organs.
Engineers at UC Berkeley have developed a small, flexible, wearable sensor system that is capable of measuring the metabolites and electrolytes in the sweat of the user, calibrating that data based upon skin temperature, and sending that data to a smartphone.
Researchers at UCLA are working to develop a method to convert the 1 billion tons of manure (including human waste) produced in the US every year into biofuel that could be used to fuel cars. These "poop-powered" vehicles would potentially solve two problems - the issue of disposing such a large amount of manure that is responsible for producing greenhouse gases like methan and nitrous oxide, and finding a satisfactory replacement for non-renewable fuels (like gasoline).