According to the Solar Energy Industries Association, the solar energy market in the United States is booming—as of June 2018 55.9 gigawatts of total capacity, enough to power 10.7 million American homes, have been installed, representing a 13% increase year-over-year.
Approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water, however, a shortage of drinkable water is always a threat. This is partially because ocean water constitutes 96% of the earths supply, and the human body is incapable of metabolizing the amount of salt this water contains. Removing salt from water, or desalinating it, is an option, but can be an energy-intensive process.
Desalination is the only way a number of growing populations are able to have access to drinkable water, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa. In order to supply the amount of water needed to support these areas, large desalination plants are becoming more and more common, however they require expensive infrastructure and a great deal of power in order to operate. Until now.